Goal 12 - Responsible Consumption, Production
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
Implement the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable
consumption and production, all countries taking action, with
developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the
development and capabilities of developing countries.
By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources.
By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the
retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along
production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses.
By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals
and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed
international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air,
water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment.
By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse.
Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies,
to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability
information into their reporting cycle.
Promote public procurement practices
that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities.
By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and
awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature.
Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and
technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns
of consumption and production.
Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable
development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates
jobs and promotes local culture and products.
Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that
encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions,
in accordance with national circumstances, including by
restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies,
where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts,
taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions
of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse
impacts on their development in a manner that protects the
poor and the affected communities